Foot care does not only cover nails and skin, it covers the whole foot. Podology is the name given to the branch of science dealing with foot health. This discipline, which works for preventive and preventive treatments for healthy feet and for preventive treatments for foot diseases, can help diagnose diseases early. Foot care should be done by experts. Podologists receive training on this subject and evaluate the feet from all sides. It helps the specialist physician for early diagnosis and treatments by directing the patient. These people are also of great importance in post-treatment care. Dry podology devices perform medical foot care. Sterilized nail clippers and various other apparatus are used during maintenance. In medical care, the dead parts of the nails are cleaned. The person does not feel pain during the procedure as the tissue being worked is not alive. It is important to evaluate the whole foot of the patient in medical foot care.
What Is Considered While Performing Medical Foot Care?
When performing medical foot care, the first ones evaluated are whether there is nerve loss, foot skin, appearance of foot veins, skin condition, measurements for shoes and socks. The medical foot care process is different from the known pedicure process. The feet of the person should not be immersed in water while the procedure is being performed. It is necessary to disinfect the feet without getting wet. This point is important because it is not possible to distinguish between dead and healthy skin in wet skin. When this distinction cannot be made, it is known that healthy skin hardens in order to protect itself. This will increase the frequency of pedicures. It will be sufficient to do medical foot care only once a month.
Fungal Nails in Medical Foot Care
Fungal nail manifests itself with color changes in the nail. Some patients may experience deformities. Nail fungus will disturb the patient aesthetically. Nail fungus negatively affects a person’s quality of life. Nail fungus can occur due to different fungi. There are many different types of nail fungus. The fungus that settles on the nail causes the nail to thicken. The thickened nail should be brought to normal thickness using a milling device for treatment. In this way, it is possible to do the treatment. Mechanical cleaning must be done by a specialist podologist. The podologist will also give information about the daily care that the person should do after cleaning.
Mushrooms like moist and dark environments. For this reason, podologists will recommend that the foot be ventilated frequently, and that the socks should be changed if there is a sweating problem. It is known that fungal nails heal thanks to the cooperation of podologists, patients and dermatologists.
Ingrown Nails in Medical Foot Care
Ingrown nail is a health problem that usually occurs due to improper cutting of nails. Ingrown toenails may also occur due to wearing the wrong shoes and deterioration of the nail bed. The nail extending towards the skin around the nail will cause the patient to feel uncomfortable. Ingrown toenails usually occur on the nail of the big toe. Ingrown problem is rarely seen in other nails. Ingrown nails should be treated early. Otherwise, infection develops rapidly in the skin around the nail. Usually, patients try to remove ingrown nails in pedicure salons or on their own. However, removal of the wreck will not be a permanent solution. Foot care and examination must be done by a specialist podologist. It is possible to use wire application for ingrown nails or some materials attached to the nail. The nail specialist will make the best choice for the patient according to the nail structure and general condition.
Calluses in Medical Foot Care
Calluses are the thickening and hardening of the skin exposed to friction and pressure. The skin develops calluses to protect itself. Causes of calluses include foot and finger deformities, wrong foot stepping, and using the wrong shoes. Although calluses are an aesthetic problem for most people, calluses are actually much more than that. Because the risk of foot infection that develops with calluses increases. Micro-organisms settle between cracks very easily. As there is more pressure and friction on the crack day by day, the nerve endings and capillaries come under pressure. The person may experience severe pain after a certain period of time.
Before the callus care is performed, the patient is first examined. Callus is cleaned using a milling device. During the callus cleaning, the patient does not feel pain. Mechanical cleaning is not a permanent solution to calluses. It is necessary to understand why calluses occur. In addition, various measures should be taken to reduce the burden of friction and pressure. In this way, the patient can get rid of callus pain.
Diabetic Feet in Medical Foot Care
The concept of diabetic foot has emerged due to the frequent occurrence of foot problems in people with diabetes. Foot problems in people with diabetes have more specific risks compared to people who do not have this disease. Therefore, people with diabetes should pay attention to foot care. Compressed feet are one of the most vulnerable organs for injury. The person’s foot problems may occur in situations such as choosing socks, choosing shoes, and cutting the wrong nails. People with diabetes may experience loss of sensation in the feet. Because in some patients, the nerves have lost their function. They may be unresponsive to temperature and touch. A person with diabetes may not feel when something stings on their feet. This situation carries a great risk of infection in the wound.
When caring for diabetic feet, the podiatrist first requests sensation tests for the foot. These tests include standing temperature, touch and pain tests. Pulse control is also provided. The specialist physician is informed periodically. With this evaluation, it is determined whether the patient is really at the level of the diabetic foot. The podologist informs the patient about the preventive measures to prevent foot wounds.
Athlete’s Foot in Medical Foot Care
The concept of athlete’s foot has emerged because the feet of athletes are exposed to more pressure than the feet of other people. Skin diseases, nail and finger deformations are more common in athletes. These problems should be recognized early and precautions should be taken. The sooner action is taken, the better. If athletes do not take early action against foot problems, they may decline from performance. Necessary foot care will prevent this from happening. A special podological care plan should be created for athletes. It is very important to prepare a careful program according to the sports branch. The plan to be created for each sport will differ.
What are the Causes That Disrupt Foot Health?
The reasons that impair foot health can be listed as follows:
- Cutting the nail wrong
- Cutting the nail too deep,
- Keeping the feet moist for a long time,
- Not paying attention to foot hygiene,
- Wearing tight socks
- Not wearing shoes that fit the feet,
- standing for too long,
- Not treating foot health problems,
- Wearing too many high heels
- Sharing socks, slippers, shoes with people,
- Walking barefoot in common environments,
- Using the wrong cosmetic products
- Conditions that do not moisturize the feet enough cause deterioration of foot health.
Having foot care , making healthy choices, and not sharing personal items prevent the deterioration of foot health.