Athlete’s foot care is made for feet that are exposed to excessive load. People who do sports regularly may experience foot problems in their feet. Foot fungus, warts, and other foot problems are common among athletes. Having athlete’s foot care for foot health will prevent your performance from decreasing in sports and will protect you from more serious health problems. The body weight of a running person triples. The feet carry this weight with every step taken. Playing tennis, running, and soccer all the time will mean that your feet deserve additional care at the end of the day. Otherwise, there may be conditions such as foot odor, blisters, calluses, and athlete’s foot. Along with foot care , there are some recommendations that a person should follow. In this way, the feet of the athletes can stay healthy.
Contact Dermatitis Occurring in Athletes’ Feet
Contact Dermatitis is the name given to the condition that occurs when the skin comes into contact with some substances. Reaction occurrence is 80 percent due to irritation. In 20%, the reaction is of allergic origin. The reaction may not always occur after contact. A reaction may occur 1 to 3 days after contact. Symptoms remain for about 1 week. It then disappears on its own. This disease causes the skin to become inflamed, itchy and red. It is usually seen on the back of the feet and fingers. Athletes often use rubber and antiseptic materials. Furthermore, it is known that athletes are exposed to many different substances. The skin reacts to these materials. The constant moistness of the feet and ankles creates a suitable environment for contact dermatitis.
Frostbite Occurring in Athletes’ Feet
Frostbite has a history of almost thousands of years. Frostbite is a condition that occurs after being exposed to a cold environment for a long time. Injury occurs when the foot is left unprotected on a cold-conducting surface. There are 4 different degrees of frostbite. The first-degree symptoms can be listed as follows:
Second-degree frostbite has the following symptoms:
- hard black wound,
- Reach towards the tip of the finger.
The following symptoms are seen in third and fourth degree frostbite:
- dry hard wound,
- Muscle bone tendon involvement,
- skin damage,
- Severe eczema.
It is extremely important for people to choose shoes and socks suitable for environmental conditions so that they do not catch frostbite during sports. Necessary training should be given to the athletes about clothing and shoes, and necessary foot care should be given.
Onychomycosis in Athletes’ Feet
Onychomycosis is a general name given to nail fungal diseases. Fungus may be present in the nail bed, matrix, or nail plate. Nail fungus can occur due to yeast and mold fungi. Nail fungus can be severe enough to prevent the nail from functioning. People’s tactile sensitivity increases, pain sensation occurs and nails become sensitive. The smell of the nail makes the person uncomfortable. The appearance of the nails also becomes aesthetically disturbing. In addition, the person can easily infect the fungus both around and to other nails. These situations can lead to a lack of self-confidence.
Wearing tight shoes, frequent sweating of the feet, fungal infection from someone else can cause this problem. It is known that the fungus is seen more frequently in men than in women. Some people are known to be more susceptible to nail fungus. These people are at risk for nail fungus. They can be listed as follows:
- Those with circulation problems
- persons aged 65 and over,
- immune deficiency,
- People with diabetes can get nail fungus.
Where Is Onychomycosis Occurring in Athletes’ Feet?
If the places where onychomycosis is found , it is possible for people to protect themselves against this fungus. These fungi are most commonly found in:
- In non-sterilized manicure and pedicure tools,
- in the gardens,
- Shared showers and bathrooms,
- in the swimming pool,
- in shoes,
- in the dressing room,
- Fungus can occur in any warm and humid place open to common use.
In order to be protected, people should pay attention to personal products and protect their feet in common areas.
How to Choose Shoes for Foot Health of Athletes?
When choosing the right shoes for the athletes, the person makes the right weight distribution by providing the right load distribution. It clings to the ground better while doing sports. It minimizes the load on the feet and their joints. When choosing shoes, of course, first of all, it is necessary to have knowledge about the type of sport, ground, climate and weather conditions. Shoes that are compatible with the sport and the surface to be played are purchased. Shoes should not cause any signs of pressure on your feet. There should be a certain amount of space between the shoe and the foot. Other shoe buying tips can be listed as follows:
- Go out in the evening or afternoon to buy shoes.
- If you play soccer, avoid wearing tight shoes. This can lead to ingrown nails.
- Running shoes are not suitable for active sports.
- Buy shoe soles. Choose the quality one.
- Dry your shoes completely.
- Clean your shoes regularly.
What Can Athletes Do to Prevent Foot Fungus?
Athletes should heed the following suggestions to protect them from athlete’s foot :
- Wash your socks and towels in as hot water as possible.
- Take care of the hygiene of your feet.
- Do not walk barefoot in swimming pools.
- Dry your feet thoroughly. Pay particular attention to between the toes.
- Do not wear tight sneakers. Such shoes cause the foot to become moist and warm. Mushrooms love such environments.
- Do not use other people’s towels, clothes, slippers.
- Do not groom with non-sterile pedicure instruments.
- Get regular foot care.
- If your feet sweat a lot, take spare socks with you to change them during the day.
What Can Athletes Do to Avoid Calluses?
Athletes should avoid wearing tight and unsuitable shoes to protect them from calluses . Calluses can cause severe pain, especially when advanced. The treatment of calluses should be done when they first occur. The advanced calluses become more difficult to treat and the treatment time is longer. Wearing shoes that put pressure on the heels and high heels for a long time invites the formation of calluses. It is necessary to avoid these situations and to choose ergonomic shoes. Choosing the right shoes is of the utmost importance to eliminate the risk of calluses. When you go shopping for shoes, make sure that it is afternoon. At this time, your feet will swell. This will ensure that you get shoes that fit your feet. You should definitely get professional help for your calluses. However, some natural remedies at home can help relieve callus pain.
How to Treat Calluses in Athletes?
Different methods can be preferred for the treatment of calluses in athletes . Callus drops, callus pad, callus remover pen are among the most preferred methods. Callus remover pens stick callus removal. This method can be used for hard and soft calluses. When applying this method, it is imperative that the feet are clean. Callus drops contain a medicated liquid. These liquids are especially effective for calluses on the feet. Having foot care stops the progression of calluses.