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A wart can be defined as a benign skin formation caused by viruses called papilloma in humans. Warts usually occur on the face, feet and hands. Rarely, warts may occur in the genital and anal region. Warts are common among adolescents and children. These small swellings can cause discomfort to the person. Some warts can also cause pain and itching. It is seen that some warts are not caused by HPV. A type called navel wart is not caused by HPV. Studies have shown that such warts are not contagious. Warts caused by viruses are very contagious. Sometimes indirectly and sometimes after direct contact, warts can be transmitted. Towels, shavers, etc. Sharing personal tools can cause warts to become infected. In order to prevent warts and other contagious skin diseases, personal tools should be used personally, that is, they should not be shared. A person who takes the wart on his body will remove the wart between 4 and 8 months.
The diagnosis of warts will be made after the examination by the physicians. Usually, physicians request a test to learn about the type of warts. Points such as its structure, location, lesion shape are important. The physician may have difficulty in understanding whether there is a wart in the first examination. In such a case, the physician requests a test and a sample is taken. After the examinations on the sample taken, the virus is detected and the case is revealed.
It is not usually necessary to go to the doctor for warts . Because most of the warts are not harmful to the body and can disappear on their own without treatment. Some patients may be cosmetically uncomfortable with warts. In such cases, wart treatment can be done. However, in the following situations, it is absolutely necessary to consult a specialist doctor:
It has been observed that some types of warts and skin cancer types are mixed. This may be especially true for older people. Therefore, do not underestimate the wart and have a specialist take care of the wart.
Physicians can use different methods to treat warts . The number of warts, wart sizes and wart location are important when deciding which method to choose. For the treatment of warts , drugs containing salicylic acid are often preferred. In addition, freezing method called cryotherapy or surgical procedure can be used. After treatment, the HPV virus of some people becomes completely inactive and the wart does not recur. Since some individuals have a weak immune system, the wart may recur. After the treatment, it is beneficial to apply various methods to strengthen the immunity of the patient.
For the cryotherapy treatment of the wart, the physician applies liquid nitrogen to the wart. Liquid nitrogen is a cold substance and ensures the destruction of cells in the upper skin layer. This application can be done in different ways. For application, a cotton swab should be dipped in liquid nitrogen and then completed by applying some pressure on the wart. The application is done at least once a week. It is necessary to repeat the process until the wart is gone. It is known that this treatment method may have some side effects. During treatment, the person may feel pain. Pain may also occur after treatment. If the person has diabetes, treatment with this method is not recommended. Treatment applied to the wart on the feet may cause nerve damage to the wart. Foot ulcers may also occur. Therefore, inform the doctor about your general health status.
Wart types can be examined in 3 classes as flat warts, sole warts and simple warts. Simple warts are yellowish or brown in color. It has coarse textures. It is round shaped. It is usually seen on the hands and legs. It is known that they are rarely seen in the nail circles. Flat warts can often be found on the legs, hands, and face. They are in the form of multiple wart clusters. They are smooth. It can happen anywhere on the body. Foot warts are embedded in the skin on the feet. These warts cause pain. It is known that this type of warts is often confused with calluses. In order to distinguish between a callus and a wart, it is necessary to determine whether there is a black or red spot in the wart. It is known that the warts on the soles of the feet develop inward depending on the weight of the person.
Genital warts are often transmitted by sexual contact. Over time, the number of these warts gradually increases. It has a structure similar to cauliflower. They are located in clusters. Both men and women can have genetic warts. Although there are only one or two warts in the beginning, there will be an increase in the number of warts in a short time. It is very important to take precautions before warts multiply. While it is possible to get rid of these warts easily with treatment when the number of warts is low, the increase in the number of warts will cause an increase in the treatment time and make the treatment more difficult. Genital warts cause both aesthetic and functional problems. Some of the virus types that cause this wart can cause uterine cancer in women. In addition, long-term treatment of warts in men can lead to the development of cancer. Therefore, it is necessary to be careful about warts.
To prevent the spread of the wart, avoid contact between the wart and healthy parts. Since the wart is likely to be transmitted from other people, towels, nail clippers, etc. that will cause contamination. Do not share personal care tools. Sharing towels, shoes, pillowcases and clothes can also cause wart contamination. Always wear socks or slippers when you are at home. Make sure you have sports shoes on your feet in the gym. If you suspect warts, see your doctor. Physicians who perform physical examination can easily stop the spread of warts by making an early diagnosis. It is rare for physicians to ask for tissue samples to be taken.
Wart symptoms are usually seen on the soles of the feet, genitals, hands, and fingers. In the case of warts, the following symptoms may also be present:
There are people who are at risk for the formation of warts. Warts occur mostly in young people, children, the elderly, and people who have had organ transplants. In addition, there may be warts among people who are infected with a virus that will lower their immune system, such as HIV, AIDS.
To diagnose warts, the physician performs a simple examination. The spread and growth of the wart is taken into account, and if necessary, a skin biopsy is performed. According to the results of the biopsy, the doctor will apply treatment. Wart treatment can be different for everyone. In particular, the strength of the immune system of the person is important in the treatment.