Callus care is usually done for the bony areas of the feet. The skin is in constant contact with the external environment. Therefore, skin problems are frequently encountered. Especially in people who stand for long periods of time and walk a lot during the day, foot health problems can be seen. Being in shoes all the time also invites foot diseases. Foot calluses are among the most common foot problems. Calluses may occur due to the fact that people do not wear shoes suitable for their foot structure, friction between the feet and shoes, crushing and similar reasons. Foot calluses can be quite painful. Calluses are the skin’s response to defend itself. The hardening of the skin and the loss of its elasticity cause the formation of calluses. Foot calluses progressively progress and cause the person to feel more pain as they progress. It is more difficult to treat progressive foot calluses. If the formation of calluses is observed in any part of the body, it is necessary to be treated without wasting time.
What are the Risk Factors for Callus Formation?
The leading risk factors for calluses are exposure of the foot to excessive pressure and friction. Commonly seen on the feet, calluses can also be seen on the hands of people who work with their hands. Calluses are not usually perceived as a big problem. Initially, calluses do not cause much pain and do not affect daily life. For this reason, although patients do not care about calluses, in advanced cases, calluses grow and must be treated. It is necessary to detect newly formed calluses and to use appropriate treatment methods for calluses. There are many different breeds of calluses. People who wear shoes that are not compatible with foot health, people whose feet sweat a lot, people who work with their hands are at risk for calluses.
What are the Symptoms in Callus Formation?
In calluses, the symptoms are usually not noticed in the initial period. If the callus formation is between the fingers, it is often not possible to notice the progress of the callus. As the degree of callus progresses, symptoms begin to appear. The symptoms of calluses are usually common to everyone. The most common symptoms are listed as follows:
- thickened skin,
- Inflammation of the callused skin,
- Feeling of pain in the area where the callus is located,
- Itching and thickening where the callus is,
- With the elimination of pressure in mild calluses, the feeling of pressure disappears,
- A change in color at the site of pain is among the typical symptoms of calluses.
What are the Causes of Callus Formation?
The reason for the formation of calluses lies in the lack of attention to foot health. Constantly wearing high heels, choosing uncomfortable shoes, and the size of the shoes and the inconsistency of the foot size cause calluses on the feet. If the shoe hits from one place, it will cause calluses to form on the affected area. It means that a suitable environment for calluses has been formed in the person who wears shoes all the time and sweats in the shoes. Calluses can also occur when walking barefoot and exposing the feet to friction and drying at the same time. It is an important factor in the formation of calluses that a certain part of the foot is under constant pressure. The pressure of the accessories attached to the foot can also cause the formation of calluses .
What Are the Types of Calluses?
Nasırda varieties can be grouped under 3 different headings. There are 3 different types of calluses in total, namely seed corns, hard corns and soft corns. The sizes and types of calluses can vary. For the treatment process, it is extremely important to determine the type of callus and to prepare a treatment plan for it.
Hard calluses usually occur on the bony part of the feet. Hard calluses may occur if the foot is stepped on incorrectly or there is deformation in the bones. The pressure of the shoes on the foot surface causes this callus. The root of this callus is dense. These calluses can also occur on the tops of the toes, soles of the feet, and the outer parts of the little fingers.
Seed corns usually occur on the sides and back of the heels. They arise from dead skin. If this callus is exposed to pressure, pain occurs. When cleaning the hard skin on the callus area, it is possible to prevent the feeling of pain. In advanced cases, it will be necessary to use more professional treatment methods, as callus roots will form on the skin forehead.
What is Soft Callus?
Soft calluses usually occur in the space between the toes. With this type of callus, complaints such as discharge and pain occur. It usually ranges in size from 1 to 4 cm. It has a sensitive structure and causes redness. They occur due to the abnormal pressure of the fingers on each other. Soft calluses appear, especially in women who constantly wear high-heeled shoes. Because wearing high heels causes an increase in the load on the toe area of the foot. Congenital or subsequent deformity of the toe can also be shown among the causes of soft calluses.
How Is Callus Diagnosed?
The person does not need to be examined by a physician to diagnose callus . Because people can easily see calluses. There are different types of calluses, and their size and appearance can vary from person to person. Therefore, a doctor’s examination may be required. In addition, some patients may confuse warts and calluses. If people experience complaints such as hardening, pain, stinging and burning in a certain part of their feet, it is absolutely necessary to see a dermatologist. The dermatologist will start the treatment process after diagnosing the callus. Usually for treatment, physicians share practical measures that can be taken at home, and recommend callus tapes and creams. Calluses are rarely very advanced. In this case, the physician will want to perform minor surgical procedures. Expert evaluation is important for the diagnosis of callus.
How Are Calluses Treated?
For the treatment of calluses, it is necessary to determine the degree, size and type of callus. Callus is easy to treat. Individuals themselves can start some work at home. However, before doing this, it is necessary to make sure that the formation is callus. It should be noted that calluses and warts are often confused with each other. In this respect, it would be useful to get an opinion from a dermatologist. In case of inflamed calluses, there is a possibility of infection, discharge and bleeding. Therefore, the treatment must be done in a hospital setting. For such patients, inflammation cleansing, wound care and antibiotic treatment options are applied.
Non-inflammatory calluses can be treated with the help of a pumice stone. The stone ensures that the dead skin on the surface is cleaned. Callus remover creams and pens can also be used. These methods target the dead skin that accumulates on the skin due to calluses. Calluses can be treated over time.
How to Treat Calluses with Callus Tape?
The main goal is to clean the diseased area when treating calluses with a callus band . The callus tape contains the chemicals necessary for this scraping to occur. In this way, dead skin is removed. When choosing a callus band, a choice should be made according to the size of the callus. The tape should not come into contact with living skin. Calluses can be treated at home using products such as baking soda, vinegar, lemon and aspirin. However, incorrect application can cause damage to the skin and calluses. Therefore, you have to be careful. It is best to get the opinion of a dermatologist for the treatment of calluses .