Orthotics deals with conditions caused by finger posture and pressure disorders. Thanks to orthotic applications, a balanced distribution of the excess load on the foot is ensured. In addition, the areas exposed to friction are determined and these areas are taken under protection. In orthotic applications, personalized paste-like silicones are prepared. While preparing these silicones, they are shaped on the fingers and frozen there. The orthosis can be briefly described as a support material. Orthoses are different from silicone materials that can be purchased from markets and pharmacies. Because the orthosis is prepared exactly according to the person’s own foot. In this way, the orthosis does not feel too big or small for the person’s feet. The materials sold in the market may not be enough to fully meet the needs of the person. If the person wants to find a permanent solution to his problem, he should have an orthosis prepared. With the right choice of orthoses, it will be possible for people to live a more comfortable, comfortable and functional life.
In Which Situations Can Personal Orthosis Be Made?
The situations in which orthoses should be made can be listed as follows:
- To reduce the burden of ingrown nail treatment,
- Missing finger completion
- In the treatment of bone spurs,
- In the treatment of cracks,
- In bone growth,
- In foot and finger deformations,
- Orthosis can be used in anterior floor collapses.
How Should Orthosis Selection Be Made?
It is very important for choosing the right orthosis . It is necessary to thoroughly research the advantages and disadvantages of the orthosis. Orthosis selection should not be considered one-sided. The orthosis should be evaluated well in terms of psychosocial and neuromusculoskeletal aspects. Orthosis is more harmful than beneficial if it is prescribed unnecessarily, when it is not made appropriately and when it is not used correctly by the patient. Therefore, you need to be careful. Appropriately prescribed, correctly prepared and correctly used by the patient, orthoses are very beneficial for the patient both medically and socio-psychologically.
What are the Unsuitable Orthotic Features?
Signs showing that the orthosis is not suitable can be listed as follows:
- Unnecessary financial losses,
- Prevention of circulation and pressure,
- psychosocial problems,
- There may be cases of skin and nerve damage.
Orthotic planning must be done together with the physician, patient, therapist and orthotist. If people cooperate, it will be possible to choose the right orthosis. Common goals and expectations should be set. Care should be taken to ensure that these expectations are realistic.
What are the Usage Purposes of Orthoses?
The purpose of using the orthosis can be basically grouped under 3 headings. These purposes can be listed as follows:
- help function,
- To change,
- Orthotic assistance is used for protection purposes.
Orthoses may serve the following purposes for the patient:
- Keeping the hand in a functional position
- To prevent pain and edema,
- Opening the formed contractures,
- Helping weak muscle group,
- prevent contractures,
- regulation of muscle tone
- Prevention of deformities,
- Ensuring glehumeral integrity,
- Preventing subluxation in stroke is among the main purposes of orthoses.
What are the Points to Consider in Orthosis Use?
Things to consider when using the orthosis can be listed as follows:
- Necessary checks must be made at appropriate intervals.
- The patient should be informed about possible complications.
- It should be told what to do to avoid possible harm.
- It provides a good explanation of the purpose and allows the patient to use the orthosis with harmony.
- Attachment and functional use studies should be done.
- The orthosis to be used must be trained.
- When the orthosis is taken, attention should be paid to its compatibility with the patient.
How Are Orthoses Prescribed?
Before prescribing the orthosis , the patient must be informed in detail. The patient’s medical needs and socio-psychological aspects and price should be thoroughly investigated. The most appropriate orthotic recommendation for the patient should be made. The patient should not have any complications that would prevent the use of the orthosis. Before prescribing for the patient, musculoskeletal status, functionality, and neuromuscular conditions should be considered. In addition, future expectations should be clearly defined. ROM assessment is important during prescribing. Passively, ROM should be monitored while the patient is resting and during functional activities. It is important to perform gait analysis before prescribing AE orthoses in terms of minimizing the error.
What Treatments Are Used in Orthosis Use?
The treatments performed in the use of the orthosis can be listed as follows:
- Ensuring the contracture angle in the muscles,
- Correction of joints
- Applying the 3-point principle, also known as correction,
- provide support,
- to immobilize,
- It is possible to provide function creation treatments with orthoses.
How Are Orthoses Cared For?
Orthotic care should be more frequent for orthotic use in children. As the child grows, some changes occur to the dafo. In this case, the need to replace the orthosis with a new one arises. Orthosis change rate is directly related to the child’s growth rate. On average, it is necessary to purchase a new orthosis every 6 to 8 months. During this period, pressure irritation and disturbing hitting situations may occur with development. If these situations occur, you should definitely consult a specialist. It is very important to keep the orthosis clean at all times. You should clean it once a week using a warm, soapy cloth. You can also clean using antibacterial wipes. The tapes should not get wet during cleaning. Only paper towels should be used for drying. Heating products should definitely be used.
Is the Orthosis Comfortable to Use?
The wearing comfort of the orthosis has increased considerably, especially with the latest technology. The origin of the word orthosis comes from the Greek correcting. Orthoses should be used in the treatment of areas that do not fulfill their function due to traumatic, neurological or other reasons. It may be necessary to use an orthosis in deformed areas where protection is needed after fracture. Orthotic treatment can be short-term or long-term. Many innovations have occurred in the orthotic sector, which can be defined as a sub-sector of the prosthesis sector. These innovations have helped to increase comfort in orthosis use. The visual comfort of the users was also considered, and aesthetic designs were produced. Many new materials such as composite and antibacterial polyurethanes have been produced.
What is the Raw Material of Orthoses?
Orthosis raw material is carbon. This substance appears in almost every area of life. It is known that almost all organic molecules contain carbon. In the sectoral sense, this substance is used even in the aircraft industry and even in space research. This material, which has a wide area of use, has been popularly preferred in the orthotics and prosthetics industry in recent years. There are many advantages when using carbon material. This item is first and foremost lightweight. Also, the strength value is good. So it is a durable material. Currently, R&D studies continue for more ergonomic, light, stylish and effective designs with carbon material.
What are the Advantages of Orthosis Use?
One of the advantages of using the orthosis is to increase the quality of life of individuals with physical disabilities. These people can actively participate in life thanks to the orthosis . Thanks to the technological developments and devices used today, it has reached an important position in the production of orthoses in our country. Physicians still continue to receive training on this subject and provide solutions to the different needs of patients. Orthoses, which are an important complement in the field of physical medicine and rehabilitation, increase the functions of the patients. They also help improve these functions. Devices called prostheses have managed to offer many innovations to people today. By choosing the right orthosis, you can start living a more comfortable and functional life.